Supercomputing

What Is Supercomputing (HPC)?

The Supercomputing, or "High Performance Computing" (HPC) industry is a rich source of information and innovation within the modern world. Responsible for aggregating computing power in a method that provides much higher performance levels than would be possible with typical computers, the supercomputing industry solves significant problems in the realms of engineering, business, science, and more.

Supercomputing works alongside research facilities, businesses performing mathematical calculations, and government agencies to help improve the world that we live in today.

Throughout the world of research, high performance computing is the most important tool available for advancing our societies, from protection from crime, to finding cures for common diseases. Today's supercomputer responds to our ever-increasing need to process unlimited amounts of data with accuracy and reliability.

By allowing us to understand huge amounts of information, supercomputers contribute to the simulation and design of new drugs, strategies and concepts in many crucial areas, including urban planning, water distribution, energy production and more. With supercomputers, we can turn piles of basic data into valuable insights in seconds - compared to the years that it would take to manually complete calculations.

supercomputer

Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Titan Supercomputer Tennessee

What Is Supercomputing Used For?

The supercomputing industry has applications in various growth factors around the world. Some of the most common ways in which supercomputing is used today, include:

  • Data Mining - Some companies and organizations use supercomputers to extract information from raw data. For instance, a business could analyze data collected through cash registers to determine inventory needs or improve upon market trends. Alternatively, health insurance providers can reduce customer premiums and costs by using supercomputers to analyze the advantages of different options for treatment.
  • Intelligence - Government intelligence agencies across the globe make use of supercomputers in monitoring communications and tracking down suspected hostile organizations. With the right power, governments can protect you more effectively against crime, and terror
  • Scientific research - Research in the scientific sector depends upon the mathematical abilities of supercomputers. For instance, astronomers from NASA use data streaming from satellites to inform their missions

The Most Powerful Supercomputer In The US (May 2016)

There are various Supercomputers located around the world from Tianhe-2 in China to HECToR based in the UK, but the Oak Ridge Laboratory Titan Supercomputer in Tennessee is currently (May 2016) the most powerful Supercomputer in the US.

The Titan boasts some impressive computational stats and with a peak performance of 20,000 trillion calculations per second, Titan will help scientific researchers and astrophysicists reach an extreme level of accuracy in simulations and research breakthroughs much faster than achieved with Supercomputers in the past.

Cooling Solution

Titan uses air cooling to cool its components via heat sinks. The air is chilled before being pumped through the cabinets. One issue is that fan noise is so loud that hearing protection must be worn if someone is in the machine room. The cooling capacity is 23.2 MW (6600 tons) - water is chilled to 5.5 °C (42 °F), which then cools recirculated air.

For more information about the Titan supercomputer visit the official Oak Ridge Laboratory website.

Water cooling is so much more efficient at removing and transferring heat than air is – fact!

Supercomputing Cooling Solutions

leak preventions system

Supercomputers, by the huge amount of computing and processing that they do every second, create massive amounts of waste heat. With current trends hitting 40-50kW, and 110kW per rack in the pipe line, the only effective way of cooling these with any modicum of efficiency is by rear door or on chip cooling.

Water cooling is so much more efficient at removing and transferring heat than air is – fact! If you want to move the amounts of air required by Supercomputing you need a void of several metres either above or below. Even with this in place, trying to ensure that the air goes where you want it is almost impossible and cannot be managed from one area to another in any simplistic format. To compound things further, a small row of racks with 40kW per rack will seem like a hurricane, and it’s within this environment that Data Center managers will need their staff to work.

The rear temperature of the racks is also a real concern. With the need for the efficiency and energy savings now being demanded, water temperatures of up to 80°F mean that hot air coming off the servers above 104°F is not uncommon. Ask yourself - would you like to work in 104°F plus for any period of time?

This brings into play the use of water and the fact that it needs to be pumped close to the equipment or onto the equipment - With QCooling’s Leak Prevention System (LPS) this is workable as our innovative, patented technology guarantees leak-free operation. Our LPS isn’t a leak prevention system – it prevents a leak ever occurring in the first place!

Call QCooling on 1-866-307-7333 today if you have a requirement for Supercomputing cooling!